Friday, August 21, 2020

Mexico to USA Migration Case Study

Relocation is the development of individuals starting with one region then onto the next, be it over the street, or to the opposite side of the earth. Ordinarily more than 2000 Mexicans attempt and cross the 2000km fringe that ranges among Mexico and the USA. The foreigners stroll for a significant distance to attempt and wrongfully enter the nation and for some, it is a squandered excursion as they are returned soon after by the US outskirt watch police. The workers typically travel in gatherings of 10 and up, loved ones all together gathering. To attempt to make the excursion simpler they will frequently travel daintily, which means they convey no substantial, however crucial, supplies, for example, food and water. This regularly prompts things, for example, lack of hydration and demise as they cross the hot and dry outskirt. Another way the foreigners will attempt to get entrance is through human runners, whereby the migrants will pay the dealers huge entireties of cash to carry them over the fringe. Once over the fringe it's presently a round of ‘hide and look for' with the movement officials. In the wake of intersection the outskirt without being gotten they will normally meet in some type of safe house, for the most part gave by the human bootleggers. When they are settled they will regularly lease houses in huge gatherings so that can reduce the expenses significantly and effectively bear the cost of it. They can't remain for long however as in the end they would be gotten, so to keep their path clean they move from house to house as not to caution the police. WHY MIGRATE? Individuals move places for some, various reasons be it for family or cash ect. These reasons can be named 4 unique classes; financial, social, political or ecological: * Economic movement †moving to look for some kind of employment or to follow a specific vocation way just accessible in such spot * Social Migration †moving for a superior personal satisfaction or to live with or closer to family or companions * Political Migration †moving to get away/evade political questions, abuse or war. * Environmental Migration †moving to get away from cataclysmic events, for example, flooding For the reasons above numerous individuals decide to relocate. For instance vagrants who move nation to look for some kind of employment for cash and food. Different transients are constrained during times of war and cataclysmic event. Guide The following is a guide of the USA and Mexico. The guide shows the development of transients as the cross the USA/Mexico fringe. The most noteworthy paces of vagrants are seen as from the circumscribing states living in the USA's flanking states. The bolts on the guide point from where most Mexican transients originate from, and where they for the most part end up. They need the excursion to be as snappy as could be expected under the circumstances; they don't go far and frequently remain in the neighboring states. Vagrant Movement Outskirt among Mexico and the USA PUSH AND PULL FACTORS Much the same as everything in life there is continually something that makes you need accomplish something different. The equivalent applies to the Mexican vagrants and there are numerous ‘push and pull' factors for why the Mexican transients would need to relocate. Push Factors Push factors are the reasons why individuals are driven away from and what to leave a region. There are many push factors for why transients would need to leave their nation and I have recorded the most widely recognized underneath. They are largely attributes of a LEDC, where most vagrants desire. * Lack of administrations †frequently an issue in LEDC's the place most transients are from. Poor nations can't bear to offer great quality types of assistance as MEDC's do. * Lack of wellbeing †regularly an issue in LEDC's, individuals can't bear to pay for fixes and security hardware ect and things go to demolish. * High wrongdoing †frequently an issue in less fortunate nations as individuals can't look for some kind of employment or don't gain enough cash to make a decent living, numerous individuals go to wrongdoing. * Crop disappointment †this isn't simply something you found in poor nations however for a poor nation it is a major misfortune and could be the last push somebody needs to simply escape their previous lifestyle. * Drought †this regularly prompts crop disappointment and as I referenced over this can be a major issue for somebody depending on it to take care of their family. * Flooding †flooding is not kidding business and can cause masses of harm in any event, obliterating houses, losing your home could make you need to move to a superior life. * Poverty †no one loves having no cash, well envision spending ordinary scarcely making a decent living, you'd need change and speedy. * War †asylums frequently relocate to get away from the fear and threats of war as regular citizen setbacks are frequently high in LEDC wars. Pull Factors Pull factors are the reasons why individuals need to and are pulled towards a zone. There are numerous elements for why transients would need to live in another nation and I have recorded the most widely recognized beneath. They are largely attributes of a MEDC, where most transients move to. * Higher business †as is frequently the situation in MEDC's there is substantially more employments accessible with a lot higher wages. * More riches †In MEDC's kin on normal will in general have more cash, because of the more generously compensated occupations. * Better administrations †More cash implies better administrations, things, for example, crisis faculty, training ect. * Safer, less wrongdoing †Places with more cash will in general have less wrongdoing as individuals can bear to pay their direction. * Political dependability †Less possibility of a political breakdown and wars breaking out. * More ripe land †less possibility of losing yields and harvests will be more grounded and over and above anyone's expectations stud the rancher more cash for his work. * Lower danger of regular perils †catastrophic events crush pretty much everything from your home to your family. Moving endlessly from them would be the best alternative. Effects OF MIGRATION Migration has both positive and its negative consequences for the nations. The serious issue that Mexico has with the movement of its kin to the USA is that most of transients are youthful, without families. This implies elderly folks individuals are abandoned in Mexico and this has nothing more than a bad memory impacts on Mexico's populace. The more established individuals can't take care of themselves or even lift the populace so far as that is concerned. This is more genuine as in Mexico it's generally the men who relocate abandoning the ladies to take care of their family while the men acquire cash from an occupation in the USA. There is additionally the large issue with Mexico's economy. The nation is as of now poor and with a great many people moving to America to look for some kind of employment it is highly unlikely cash is each going to get once more into Mexico's economy. Thus numerous individuals go to the medications business delivering and trading medications to convey over the USA. In spite of the fact that this carries cash into the nation its records for m any passings the nation over and isn't burdened and along these lines the administration looses out once more. In the USA, Immigrants cost the nation a huge number of us dollars a year. The cash is spent on upholding the outskirt watches and the vagrants being held for expulsion. The issue the USA have is that the Mexican's take the entirety of the low paid, work concentrated employments and are cheerful and appreciative of the chance. Americans then again are less for the thought and as the Mexicans become progressively famous racial assaults are frequently a major issue. For the USA however the Mexicans doing the low paid occupations is flawlessly useful for the economy, the work completes at a low cost, and the laborers are energetic, exceptionally incredible brimming with the open door they have gotten, what more would you be able to request? Issues emerge in America when workers begin to pick up satiate advantages. With the vagrants being unlawful they're not on record and consequently are not represented the dissemination of advantages, America could lose heaps of cash through advantage misrepresentation. What actions is THE USA Taking TO STOP ILLIGAL IMMIGRARTION? One of the most significant techniques for halting illicit movement America utilizes is outskirt watch security. This technique includes the fringe among Mexico and the USA being watched by security officials so as to attempt to prevent any outsiders from wrongfully entering the nation. The officials utilize numerous strategies for requirement and even have rambles that can fly the outskirt and recognize any gatecrashers. The officials are furnished and will bring down anyone attempting to penetrate security, sounds brutal yet basically what the migrants are doing is putting the nations security in danger by intersection the outskirt as they can't watch who is entering. MY OPINION My assessment on Mexico-America movement is somewhat blended. On one hand for the good of America I feel that a greater amount of an exertion ought to be made to control migration so as not ruin both Mexico's and America's economy. This will likewise stop Mexico's populace for dropping, which on the off chance that it dropped would bring about the economy of Mexico being surprisingly more dreadful. For whatever length of time that the migration is controlled and not halted then I am certain that the relationship will work and that America would profit monetarily from it. Then again however it doesn't feel right not permitting the Mexicans access to America, since they're settlers. Toward the day's end the USA was initially established by outsiders from Europe, also the way that during the Mexico-US war, the USA ‘stole' (some contend it was paid for) ; Texas, Arizona, new Mexico and California from Mexico. As I would like to think they reserve each option to enter America as they will.

Monday, July 13, 2020

How Metacognition Boosts Learning

How Metacognition Boosts Learning When we talk about how we learn the first thing that comes to mind is the information we are presented and our ability to store it in our memory.Whether it is information we don’t need or we actually use on a regular basis is a matter of our personal believes and goals.Rarely do we ask ourselves why do we need the things we learn about in school and even rarer is the case when we stop and think about how we actually learn.Which processes are being carried out in our brain when we retain the knowledge we learned is a difficult question to answer if we dont understand how our mind works.By nature, not everyone is equal when it comes to intellectual capabilities and that is nothing new to psychologists, but what we all have in common as human beings are the ability to learn and understand the same subjects and concepts in a rational way.Some people take time in rationalizing and figuring out what certain subjects are all about, while others do it very quickly mainly because they are e ither more interested or know how to analyze and connect the concepts that have something in common.School teachers don’t view the students who attend their class as equal when it comes to intellectual abilities either and it would be a bad thing to do so because it would lead to discrimination of others who simply can’t grasp the information very quickly and others who do it faster than them.This is why teachers assess students by their grades and try to adapt to their knowledge all for the purpose of giving the students motivation to try to figure out things on their own.Metacognition is one of the best ways to achieve such things because the whole purpose of teaching and learning is to understand the concepts in a unique way and to always try and ask questions which lead to independent answers.WHAT IS METACOGNITION?To put it as simple as it can be, metacognition is thinking about thinking, but the whole concept is more complex than that because it involves actively monitoring and making changes to a student’s learning pattern.In order for us to further explain what metacognition is, we should first try to understand what metacognition is based on.Metacognition comes in two dimensions which are often called:Metacognitive knowledge â€" What the students already know about learning.Metacognitive regulation â€" What the students do when it comes to learning new information.Further explanation of these two dimensions of metacognitive learning is required in order to shed some light on what they mean, how do students use them and how they are connected so let us move on to these two dimensions. Metacognitive KnowledgeMetacognitive knowledge as we said is the knowledge that the student already has about the things he has learned and knowing what are the steps he needs to take in order to use that knowledge for completing a given task.Metacognitive knowledge includes:The student’s knowledge of their own cognitive abilities which, for instance, could be expl ained by not knowing or having trouble with dates they’ve learned in history class.The student’s knowledge of particular tasks such as thinking of the ideas and concepts of a certain reading assignment.The knowledge of different strategies which can be implemented in the task and why they are appropriate for example to skim reading the text before reading.Once students know what metacognitive knowledge is they will understand much clearer what they need to do in order to learn the subject more effectively and also will help them figure out which are the tools that can be used to produce the best result.Metacognitive RegulationMetacognitive regulation explains what the students do when it comes to new information and describes how they monitor and regulate their own cognitive processes.By doing this they can test out different study tools and see which offers the best result, for example, scan reading the text before actively reading it.Metacognitive regulation includes three pha ses which all have an end result of reflection which we will talk about later, but for now, lets see what those phases are and how can they be used for learning much quicker and effective.1. The Planning PhaseDuring this phase, students should think about the goals of learning and knowing the subject the teacher has presented to them and know how to approach the material in order to fully understand the concepts of the topic.This is the time when the students stop and think for a moment how they should utilize all the tools they have and ask themselves these three questions:What they are asked to do? â€" Is it a reading assignment, a writing exam or even a project; once they understand what does the task they are given mean they will start to think about how to complete it most effectively.Which strategies should they use? â€" They should consider the best strategies out there in order to complete those tasks and how to successfully use them.Are there any strategies theyve used befo re which might be useful?   In most cases, they will use the strategies they already know, for example, skim reading, but also they should try to find out if there are even better tools for that given task.Once they complete the planning phase they can be care-free and know exactly what they are asked to do which will help them tremendously when the actual task is being done.2. The Monitoring PhaseDuring the monitoring phase, students start implementing everything they’ve learned in the planning phase and monitor the progress they are making towards the actual goal of their learning.Also, a critical point in this phase is that the students might try to change the strategies they were using if they see that the strategies are not working in order to find new and better ones which fit in completing the task.There are two questions which the students should ask themselves during this phase:Is the strategy they are using working at all? â€" They should see the results relatively quic kly by knowing how much time theyve spent on the task using this specific strategy if it takes too long they should consider changing it.Do they need to try something different? â€" If the strategies they are using aren’t giving them the results they want they should figure out something better, but also sometimes it takes time to really get good at using a specific strategy, for example reading the content table of a book before reading it because it is virtually one of the best strategies out there which can be difficult to use properly.When they complete this phase, they will start to understand which strategies work and which dont and how do they affect the overall study of the subject they are taking.Time is crucial, so they will need to monitor how much time theyve spent on which strategy in order to get a grip on how much time they have to do a specific task.3. The Evaluation PhaseThis is the last but may be the most important of the three phases mainly because it is in thi s phase where they think about which strategies they used were successful for achieving their goal and why.To further understand what happens at this stage the students should ask themselves these three questions:How well did they do the task? â€" Is the task finished as they wanted or is there some space for improvement?What didn’t go well? â€" They should try to understand what they did wrong in order to avoid making the same mistake next time.What did go right? â€" This is the most important question they should ask themselves because they should understand which strategies worked out and why so that they can use them and get better with them over time to get the result they need.Now that these three phases are finished it is time for some more thinking about the whole grand of things which they’ve already done.REFLECTIONReflection is the most important tool to use in metacognitive learning and in life as well in order for us to truly understand what we’ve learned and what we already know and much of our life is based on that whether we are aware of that or not.When the plan-monitor-evaluate phases are over, what the student is left to do is try to reflect on what he learned from these phases, what went wrong, what went right, did he have trouble with something and which part of the whole process did he find to be easy.The student should understand exactly what he did to achieve the results he achieved and what to look out for when a similar task is presented to him all in the aim of better and much quicker problem solving and using the right strategies at the right time.This is a hard thing to pull off and takes a bit of practice and experience but that just means once you get a hang of it you will start to perform much better than youre used to which is the main goal of metacognitive learning.THE BENEFITS OF METACOGNITIVE LEARNINGNow that we’ve explained what metacognitive learning is, let’s take a look at the actual benefits of using this metho d in learning and why it is better than most methods out there.Independence â€" Metacognitive learning teaches the students how to be independent learners and to monitor their own progress and take control of their learning as they read, write and solve problems when given a task to do.Positive impact â€" Metacognition has a positive contribution on how to properly learn things and is more influential than intellectual abilities because even if a student has a high IQ if he doesnt understand how to learn and what are the steps he must take in order to do so, the IQ is an irrelevant element.Age group â€" Metacognition isn’t just used in primary or secondary school, it can be also used in universities and college and even later in life. The main goal of metacognition is to motivate us to learn with our own head and that is a valuable lesson no subject, except psychology, is going to teach us.Inexpensive â€" There are really no expenses when it comes to implementing metacognitive lea rning in schools and the only expense really is time spent on organizing and planning how to use metacognition and what the teachers should know about how to effectively present the students their study plan.HOW TO USE METACOGNITIVE LEARNING IN THE CLASSROOMThe practice of metacognitive learning involves the students implementing metacognitive strategies to achieve clear and explicit learning goals which have either been set by the teacher or identified by the student themselves.The student uses their metacognitive strategies to plan, monitor and evaluate their own progress in order to move towards and achieve their goals.In order to implement the metacognitive approach, the students must access the strategies and also a specific learning environment to develop their metacognitive abilities.StrategiesWe said a lot about using the right strategies when trying to complete a task and now we will focus on specific ones which can be used across different domains of the school curriculum, for example, they can use some of the strategies they applied in a math test and apply them to a history lesson.Mnemonics â€" Mnemonics are either used with words or images in order to make short captions and descriptions for the purpose of quick memorizing of certain definitions or concepts. A good example of mnemonics would be dissecting a certain definition into a word containing just the first letter of the words in the definition.Thinking journals â€" They can be used to motivate the students to track their progress and know at any given moment what they need to do in order to complete the tasks. It’s also a great way to know what went wrong at what exact moment of the whole process of task completion.Metacognitive talk â€" Talking out loud might be a distraction or annoyance for the teacher but by doing so the students can say the questions they have out loud or simply read out loud the text they are reading so they can hear themselves and others to better grasp the knowled ge. In order for this strategy to work the plan-monitor-evaluate phases should be implemented.Reciprocal teaching â€" This is used for reading comprehension and has four key strategies attached to it:Questioning â€" When the students first start reading they should be stimulated to ask questions that come to their mind about that specific topic.Clarifying â€" The teacher should explain as best as possible the topic and answer the questions students may have.Summarizing â€" After the reading, the students should do a quick summary of what they’ve read in order to see if they understood the text and what they retained.Predicting â€" When reading a similar text the students should identify the links between key concepts saving them time and making them understand the material better.Exam wrappers â€" They are a worksheet with questions which can be handed to students before and after an exam to better prepare them and also to stimulate them to evaluate themselves after the test.Model ing the strategy â€" Call it the strategy of how to use strategies, it is a step-by-step representation which the teacher presents the students so they can implement it themselves, it is very important for the teacher to show them how to properly use the strategies in order for them to work.METACOGNITIVE STRATEGIES YOU COULD USE BY YOURSELFCollege students beware because I’m going to share with you some of my tactics when it comes to metacognitive learning and they are the strategies I had to implement in my study myself because our teachers and professors didn’t use them when they taught us in school.I really didnt use them up until college years but they work wonders now and I really suggest you try them if you arent taught metacognition in school.Skim reading â€" The first strategy is to open your workbook and quickly skim the pages and content table just so you have the important concepts in your head to later think about and also to get to know the material.Scan reading â€" This is slightly different from skim reading because you are looking for key concepts which the teacher has already talked about and locating them in the workbook, also you are revising the concepts youve remembered when you skimmed the text.Printing out the presentations â€" If your teacher or professor teaches using presentations you can easily find them either on the Internet or in your study group page. By printing the presentations out on a piece of paper you are using the strategy similar to image mnemonics by having the actual topics of the subject right in front of you.Mind-maps â€" When you get back from school or college try to draw a mind map of the notes you’ve been taking in the classroom which will give you a visual representation of key concepts which you will link to one another creating an awesome and unique image of what the subject is about.Making your own worksheet â€" By making your own exams and writing down potential questions you are implementing the same strategy as exam wrappers which will prepare you for the upcoming test and will also force you to really get the idea of what you need to know in order to pass it.See what works for you best and also try to figure out some strategies of your own, because thats what metacognition is all about â€" reflection.Also dont be shy of using the same strategies for different subjects because that helps a lot when you dont know what strategy to implement, just try the one you already know. FINAL WORDTo summarize this broad topic weve explained today, metacognitive learning is a skill which everyone can learn to use effectively given the proper tools, strategies, and knowledge of how to apply it to any aspect of learning and studying.As far as the teachers are concerned their job is to present and explain to the students how metacognition works and also what are the key aspects which need to be mastered in order to accomplish the tasks that are given to the students.But not only that, the teach er must be in the role of monitoring and evaluating the students similar to the students themselves so they can work together in solving any misconception or problem that might occur.As for the students, their job is to follow the instructions of the teachers and pay attention in and outside of class so that they can develop that metacognitive state of reflection in any given moment.Also, they should try to create some strategies of their own to see if they will work out or not because, like most things in life, metacognition is not built upon just success but also the failure.If you as students don’t have access to metacognitive learning in schools or the college you attend, you should try to follow my instructions on how to make the strategies yourselves because metacognitive learning is a newer topic not implemented in every school.It’s articles like this one which brings awareness to such topics as metacognition and will surely help in spreading the word across the globe abo ut what it’s all about and why it’s great to use it.Learning should be fun but also productive and that is exactly what metacognition is trying to acquire so the more you try to implement the things we explained today the better chance you have at succeeding and getting better results.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Hitler s Rise Of Power And Get His Fascist Ideas

Why Did Hitler Rise to Power and Get his Fascist Ideas This essay will talk about the life of the Nazi Party (also known as the National Socialist German Workers Party), Fascism in Germany, and Adolf Hitler. It will think about what influenced Germany to vote for the Nazis and whether or not Hitler was brought up with the idea of fascism, or whether he was mentally scarred from a young age. This essay will also discuss about how did the Nazis do in their early years in the German elections, and how did a fascist party with such ludicrous ideas persuade a country as large and as multi - religion as Germany? A multitude of different factors contributed to the rise of Fascism within the period of post-World War 1 Germany. As Adolf Hitler was the perpetrator and mastermind behind much of the rise of Fascism in Germany, factors which contributed to his opinions and ideals must obligatorily be looked at in this topic. His failed attempted career in art, the death of his mother, his homelessness in Vienna, his time in prison (in which he wrote Mein Kampf), his time at war at an early age; all of these circumstances contributed to his Fascist ideals, and therefore to the rise of Fascism and the popularity of the Nazi Party. Other incidents unrelated directly to Hitler bestowed extremists much power as people were dissatisfied with the current state of affairs and the republic provided extremists (namely the Nazis, other right-wingers and the Communist Party) with a scapegoat.Show MoreRelatedThe Fascist Leader in Germany1151 Words   |  5 Pages Fascism was around approximately forty years. From 1921-1943, Mussolini was the Fascist leader in Italy and Hitler was the Fascist leader in Germany. Many people thought Fascism could improve their countries because the leaders who stepped up to power, promised great improvements. They also convinced the citizens that they had nothing more to worry about. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hamlet is not Insane in Shakespeares Halmet Essay

Alas hes mad (3:4:108) How far do you agree with the statement that Hamlet is mad? A great controversial talking point of the play Hamlet is whether he was mad or in fact making people think he was mad. I disagree with Gertrudes statement that Hamlet is mad. I ask you what the definition of madness, the relatively permanent disorder of the mind, a state of mind characterized by the inability to distinguish right from wrong. Indeed Hamlet only acts mad in front of certain people such as his mother, Polonius, Ophelia, Claudius, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern who he knows are spying on him. I think Hamlet by using his mad faà §ade hides his real intentions and motivations from his enemies and people that will give away information,†¦show more content†¦(3: 176-180) Claudius says that Hamlets emotions are not from affection. What he does is not insane, it has a higher reason. Hamlet knows something is going on and that he is going to find it out although he does find this out in very unethical terms. Part of his way to hide his motives is by acting mad so he can set about his plan undeterred. With reference to ?There?s something in his soul.? In Hamlet people make many referenc es to his soul, ?Thy devil take thy soul!? maybe hinting that the problem with Hamlet is not insanity but his soul contains the problem. This could possibly fit into the description of the black bile that the Elizabethans believed needed to be bled out in order to make the person saner. The Elizabethans believed that some mentally disabled people were possessed and that madness has a close relationship with god reflecting in the use of Hamlets soul. If Hamlet were truly mad then he would not delay so much throughout the play for a mad man is unable to distinguish right from wrong. Does a mad man have a conscience? When Hamlet is stood after the play waiting to kill Claudius, even though full of rage and hatred he sees Claudius praying and that delays him killing him. This shows Hamlet having a conscience if his mind was unstable surely his actions would have reflected differently. ?They are not near my conscience.? At the beginning of the play a group of people see the ghost but when the ghost

Cult Activities and Psychological Manipulation Free Essays

Cult Activities and Psychological Manipulation Cultic activity is all around us and we don’t even know it. People around the world are being psychologically manipulated (brain washed) in these cults and they are not even aware of the control that someone has over them. As I checked out the links on the Ex-Cult Resource Center Website I found some very interesting information as well as the different types of cults, some religious and some not religious. We will write a custom essay sample on Cult Activities and Psychological Manipulation or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is sad that manipulation would be associated with religion, but it’s happening every day. There are three kinds of cults. They are secular, religious and universal. The secular definition of a cult is all that is involved in worship, ritual, emotion, liturgy and attitude. This definition actually denotes what we call denominations and sects and would make all religious movements a cult. The Christian definition is any group which deviates from Biblical, orthodox, historical Christianity. e i. They deny the Deity of Christ; His physical resurrection; His personal and physical return to earth and salvation by FAITH alone. The universal definition is any group which has a pyramid type, authoritarian leadership structure with all teaching and guidance coming from the person/persons at the top. The group will claim to be the only way to God; Nirvana; Paradise; Ultimate Reality; Full Potential, Way to Happiness and will use thought reformor mind control techniques to gain control and keep their members. Although all cults are bad, the universal cult is the one that you see in movies and the one that I believe to be the worst. This is really where the mind control comes in. A person is no longer themselves or in control of their own lives. People are stripped of their individuality, their intimacy with others, their finances, how they spend their time, and they have no free will. Because of these abuses, the individual’s personality changes to where they are not even recognized by relatives, they seem paranoid, they lose their identity, they can’t socialize outside the group and their world views are altered to which they see the world through their leader’s eyes. It is very scary to think about the fact that a person can have such control over someone’s life that they are no longer themselves. As I looked at the ICSA website, I see that it collects and disseminates information through periodicals and Web sites, conducts and encourages research, maintains an information phone line, and runs workshops and conferences. Some family members don’t know where to begin to save their loved ones who are in these cults, but there is place that offers helpful solutions to save loved ones from the cultic society. The International Cultic Studies Association (ICSA) is a global network of people concerned about psychological manipulation and abuse in cultic groups, alternative movements, and other environments. ICSA consists of and responds to the needs of people interested in cults, new religious movements, and other environments. In order to help affected families and individuals, enhance the skills of helping professionals, and forewarn those who might become involved in harmful group situations, ICSA collects and disseminates information through periodicals and Web sites, conducts and encourages research, maintains an information phone line, and runs workshops and conferences. Other resources include local meetings, special lectures, seminars, an e-library with more than 25,000 documents, personalized assistance perspectives on how to evaluate and use information to deal effectively with problems related to cultic groups, offer support for cultic studies research, and there are opportunities to network with families and former members of cults and related groups. It is wonderful that these resources are available to families who need to save their family members. This is a great website with helpful information. It is good to know that there is help out there for people who need it. References Identifying a Cult. Retrieved from http://www. ex-cult. org on May 20, 2011. International Cultic Studies Association. Retrieved from http://www. csj. org on May 20, 2011. How to cite Cult Activities and Psychological Manipulation, Papers

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Interpretations Of Heart Of Darkness Essays (901 words)

Interpretations of Heart of Darkness In Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, there is a great interpretation of the feelings of the characters and uncertainties of the Congo. Although Africa, nor the Congo are ever really referred to, the Thames river is mentioned as support. This intricate story reveals much symbolism due to Conrad's theme based on the lies and good and evil, which interact together in every man. Today, of course, the situation has changed. Most literate people know that by probing into the heart of the jungle Conrad was trying to convey an impression about the heart of man, and his tale is universally read as one of the first symbolic masterpieces of English prose (Graver,28). In any event, this story recognizes primarily on Marlow, its narrator, not about Kurtz or the brutality of Belgian officials. Conrad wrote a brief statement of how he felt the reader should interpret this work: "My task which I am trying to achieve is, by the power of the written word, to make you hear, to make you feel-it is above all, to make you see.(Conrad 1897) Knowing that Conrad was a novelist who lived in his work, writing about the experiences were as if he were writing about himself. "Every novel contains an element of autobiography-and this can hardly be denied, since the creator can only explain himself in his creations."(Kimbrough,158) The story is written as seen through Marlow's eyes. Marlow is a follower of the sea. His voyage up the Congo is his first experience in freshwater navigation. He is used as a tool, so to speak, in order for Conrad to enter the story and tell it out of his own philosophical mind. He longs to see Kurtz, in the hope's of appreciating all that Kurtz finds endearing in the African jungle. Marlow does not get the opportunity to see Kurtz until he is so disease-stricken he looks more like death than a person. There are no good looks or health. In the story Marlow remarks that Kurtz resembles "an animated image of death carved out of old ivory." Like Marlow, Kurtz is seen as an honorable man to many admirers; but he is also a thief, murderer, raider, persecutor, and above all he allows himself to be worshipped as a god. Both men had good intentions to seek, yet Kurtz seemed a "universally genius" lacking basic integrity or a sense of responsibility (Roberts,43). In the end they form one symbolic unity. Marlow and Kurtz are the light and dark selves of a single person. Meaning each one is what the other might have been. Every person Marlow meets on his venture contributes something to the plot as well as the overall symbolism of the story. Kurtz is the violent devil Marlow describes at the story's beginning. It was his ability to control men through fear and adoration that led Marlow to signify this. Throughout the story Conrad builds an unhealthy darkness that never allows the reader to forget the focus of the story. At every turn he sees evil lurking within the land. Every image reflects a dreary, blank one. The deadly Congo snakes to link itself with the sea and all other rivers of darkness and light, with the tributaries and source of man's being on earth (Dean,189). The setting of these adventurous and moral quests is the great jungle, in which most of the story takes place. As a symbol the forest encloses all, and in the heart of the African journey Marlow enters the dark cavern of his won heart. It even becomes an image of a vast catacomb of evil, in which Kurtz dies, but from which Marlow emerges spiritually reborn. The manager, in charge of three stations in the jungle, feels Kurtz poses a threat to his own position. Marlow sees how the manager is deliberately trying to delay any help or supplies to Kurtz. He hopes he will die of neglect. This is where the inciting moment of the story lies. Should the company in Belgium find out the truth a bout Kurtz's success in an ivory procurer, they would undoubtedly elevate him to the position of manager. The manager's insidious and pretending nature opposes all truth (Roberts,42). This story